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21st May 2022

Superadmin

An overview of electronic stability control

When you're driving, your car's steering wheel can very suddenly and unexpectedly pull to one side. Electronic stability control is a safety feature that helps prevent this situation by detecting when this sudden pull occurs and then correcting the steering wheel back in the opposite direction. The ESC cars work by using sensors to monitor and check  all steering  movements, and when it senses a pull, it activates its motors to turn the wheels back in line.

This blog post at Autobest will today  brief you about all the major details about Electronic stability control.

What is ESC?

A feature found on many new cars, electronic stability control (ESC) technology is designed to assist drivers in maintaining control of their vehicles during hard-steering maneuvers by controlling individual wheels’ braking power as necessary. ESC cars  account for the "slip angle" of a vehicle and exerts pressure on the brakes at the slipping wheels to help keep them gripped to the road. While Electronic Stability Control in car does not prevent rollover accidents, it is a highly effective tool in reducing vehicle accident hazards caused by loss of traction or loss of control, especially when roads are snowy or wet.

When is ESC activated?

The electronic stability program monitors your steering wheel and is designed to help you keep the car going where you want it to go. When the system notices that you’re not controlling the car as well as you could, it makes adjustments for you so that you can get back on track. The stability control system also comes into play when drivers in emergencies make sudden movements of the steering wheel. Well-intentioned drivers may oversteer or understeer during slippery road conditions or when hydroplaning in bad weather. This can happen even if the driver doesn’t mean for these things to happen, and these kinds of changes are a leading cause of single-vehicle crashes.

Working of ESC

The stability system that coordinates the engine throttle and the wheel's brake is electronic. When you start your automobile, electronic stability program, like other driver aids, comes on. It also constantly monitors the steering wheel activity of the vehicle and measures its speed via wheel-based sensors. When sensors detect a loss of control by the driver, the stability control system instantly engages to compensate for the wrong steering. It uses the brakes on each of the car's wheels to return the vehicle to its intended course. If the driver applies too much throttle, ESC activates the traction control systems and adjusts engine power to lower speed, and applies the brakes. These maneuvers dramatically lower your chances of a rollover.

Operating ESC

To get your car's ESC to work, you don't have to do anything. When you start the engine, the vehicle stability control system  starts monitoring steering and speed.

When the ESC detects that the driver is losing control of the vehicle, it activates. During a short loss of control, the system instantly modulates individual wheel brakes to help steady the car. When your electronic stability control activates, a warning light flashes on your dashboard. A warning light flashes on the dashboard when your ESC activates and makes adjustments. As the brakes are applied and the engine power is lessened, you may experience little jerks and lurches. Spin-outs can occur when drivers make excessively sharp and fast corners. When driving, reduce your speed and take turns slowly and cautiously. In dangerous driving scenarios, computerized driver aids such as electronic stability control might be beneficial.

Pros of ESC

Electronic Stability Control (ESC) is one of the most significant safety innovations in automobiles today. This vehicle satbility control sytem  helps drivers maintain control of the vehicle during extreme maneuvers or if they encounter a loss of traction while driving in adverse weather conditions. ESC automatically applies the brakes or intercede in the engine management in order to stabilize the vehicle if it senses that the driver has lost control.  If it detects that the driver is losing control, it automatically applies these corrections to help stabilize the vehicle.

Cons of ESC

The Electronic stability control in cars on the whole, work well. However, other difficulties can arise:

  • If the brake linings in your anti-lock braking system are worn and there's air or dirt in your brake fluid, you might have trouble performing an emergency stop with the ESC.

  • ESC performance might be harmed by tyres that have worn tread or are in poor condition. 

  • The ESC light might be triggered by a faulty brake light switch. This typical issue can be readily resolved with a low-cost switch replacement.

  • During high-performance driving, steering input may not always represent the intended travel direction. When ESC is engaged, it can intervene when it is not wanted.

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