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27th June 2023

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BS6 Norms: Complete Details Of Bharat Stage VI Emission Standard

BS norms stand for Bharat Stage norms. It comes before the iteration of the real emission norms. The fundamental regulations, known as the Asian Nation 2000, were first introduced in the year 2000. The second and third iterations, known as BSII (BS2) and BSIII (BS3), were introduced in 2001 and 2005, respectively.

Due to the fourth iteration, BSIV was adopted in 2017, the BSV (BS5) emission limits were pushed back in favour of the BS 6 norms due to the delay between the launch of BS3 and BS4.

What Are BS-VI Norms

To control the output of air pollutants from automobiles with internal combustion engines and spark-ignition engines, including motor vehicles, the government has established Bharat Stage norms and regulations.

The central government ordered that starting from April 1, 2020, only BS-VI (BS6) automobiles must be produced, sold, and registered. The implementation of the BS VI norm will make India catch up to the US, European nations, and other developed automobile markets around the world. 

The most important technical modification in the Bharat Stage VI rules is the requirement that all Bharat Stage VI vehicles should have onboard diagnostics (OBD).

Benefits Of Adoption Of BSVI Norms

New BS6 norms are in line with the Euro VI standard that has already been implemented in European nations. In reality, this new emission standard is also said to solve a significant flaw in the Euro VI standard that permits higher PM (particulate matter) emissions from diesel engines.

Some of the key advantages of BS6 pollution norms are highlighted here.

  1. NOx emissions will decrease by about 25% for petrol engines and 68% for diesel engines.

  2. Diesel engines will drastically cut their PM emissions by 80%.

  3. Every vehicle will be required to have OBD, which will help monitor pollutants produced by the vehicle in real-time.

  4. For the first time, a system called RDE (Real Driving Emission) will be used to detect emissions in actual driving situations rather than merely in lab settings.

  5. The measurement of particle matter will alter as a result of the BS VI emission norms. To control the fine particulate matter as well, it will now be measured using a number standard rather than a mass standard.

Challenges & Implementation Of BS6 Emission Norms

  1. Stress In the Automobile Industry

The automotive industry went under stress due to a drop in sales. The cost of automobiles rose between ₹10,000 and ₹20,000 with the implementation of BS6 car pollution norms and severe safety requirements. India is a cost-sensitive economy which drew the automobile industry under pressure. 

  1. Technological Obstacles

The ability of automobile companies to provide launch automobiles with the required technologies was put to the test. 

  1. Low Buyer Incentive

In contrast to what was advertised for BS-IV vehicles, there was no increase in fuel efficiency in Bharat Stage 6 vehicles list.Bharat Stage VI vehicles category require more maintenance than those in the BS-IV category.

  1. Fuel accessibility

Another issue that Oil Marketing Companies confronted was in making sure that BS-VI automobiles compatible fuel is readily available at all locations within the designated time. For instance, some regions, including Kerala and the Northeast, were excluded from the BS-IV gasoline rollout.

  1. Low Transparency

There was no transparency in the conveyance of fuel or its manufacture.

  1. Logistics Issue

Prior to BS VI, during the implementation of BS-II, BS-III, and BS-IV cars were introduced gradually, hence there were no issues with logistics. However, the implementation of BS-VI across the board for the entire nation at once led to logistical problems.

Future Perspective & Updates On BS6 Emission Norms

Customers will pay extra for the improved vehicles because of the strict emission standards that came into effect in April 2023, as automakers get ready to modify their models to comply with BS6 phase 2 emission rules. 

Both passenger and commercial cars will have more advanced equipment installed as standard in order to comply with the second phase of BS6 norms, which will make Indian vehicular emissions norms similar to Euro VI norms. This would raise the entire production cost, which would then be passed on to consumers starting the next year. 

Real Driving Emission, or RDE, emission requirements will be required for all four- and two-wheelers built starting on April 1, 2023. This implies that all vehicles will now need to comply with the emission requirements.

The Bharat Stage VI emission standard will bring about the urgently required adjustments in the Indian vehicle industry's pollutant emissions. India will catch up to the US, European nations, and other developed automotive markets around the world once this pollution standard goes into effect.

Conclusion

Indian automobile industry’s BS4 to BS6 transition is going to bring a lot of changes and that is for good. If you are looking for a second-hand Bharat Stage 6 vehicle in the Delhi-NCR region, AutoBest is there for you. With a premium second hand luxury car collection at affordable prices and the best quality, they have a large happy clientele base. Book your second-hand BS6 pollution norms-compatible car from AutoBest today!

Frequently Asked Questions On BS6 Emission Norms

What is the BS6 rule in India?

The Government of India has passed down the mandate that all vehicles sold in India should meet the BS VI emission norms. Through these guidelines, the amount of pollutants that cars with petrol and diesel engines release are to be controlled.

Does BS6 reduce mileage?

Because BS6 fuels contain less sulphur than BS4 fuels, they also produce less pollution. Unfortunately, this also has the effect of reducing fuel efficiency, which lowers BS6 engines' fuel economy.

What is BS6 Grade fuel?

In comparison to BS4 fuel, BS6 fuel contains less sulphur. The amount of sulphur in BS6 fuel is five times lower (10ppm) than it is in BS4 fuel (50ppm). 

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